Jen Bolton
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lawn

 

FALL LAWN CARE TIPS

 

 MOWING

  •  Keep your lawn about 5cm to7.5cm (2”-3”) high to block out light that weeds need to germinate. 
  • When cutting, remove only 1/3rd of the grass blade.  Leave clippings on the lawn to provides an ideal (and free) fertilizer, rich in nutrients, which will be returned to the soil.
  •  Change direction of the cut each time to keep coarse grasses under control and ensure an even appearance.

 AERATION

  •  Dethatching creates openings for weed germination and causes stress to the existing turf.  Instead, aeration is recommended for decreasing thatch as well as compaction. 
  • Aeration increases the amount of air, water and nutrients getting to the soil, which strengthens grass roots and helps create a healthier lawn. 
  • Aeration before an application of fertilizer allows nutrients easier access to root systems.

 FERTILIZE

Fall is the time to spread an application of a slow release fall fertilizer specially formulated to strengthen grass for the winter months ahead and to feed grass roots slowly until spring.  This feeding, combined with aerating and top seeding, will ensure a beautiful lawn next year. 

  • Apply a premium winterizing fertilizer. 
  • Read the complete label to ensure proper application. 
  • Shut off the spreader when stopping or turning.   
  • Store any remaining fertilizer in a cool dry place.

 OVERSEEDING

Fall is the best time to apply grass seed to repair damaged areas or thicken an existing lawn.  Soil temperatures are warm to promote fast germination and nights are cool.  Heavy morning dew helps keep seeds moist and there is reduced pressure from competitive weeds.

  • Add compost or top-dress with triple mix soil to improve the soil.  However, ensure grass seed is applied afterward, as grass seed will not grow if completely buried in the soil.
  • If you need to pluck weeds, add some grass seed to any bare areas.

 WATER WISELY

 Keep the lawn moist, but not soggy, to help seeds germinate and grass seedlings from drying out.  Cool autumn temperatures will help ensure strong root growth rather than excessive top growth, which sometimes happens during spring re-seeding. 

  • Early morning watering is best to allow moisture absorption throughout the heat of day.  
  • Too much water starves the soil of oxygen and invites disease.
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